[:it]Japan Folklore: Versailles no bara, il manga best-seller[:en]Japan Folklore: Versailles no bara, the best-selling manga[:ja]Japan Folklore: Versailles no bara, the best-selling manga[:]

[:it]

photo credit: nefariousreviews.com

Nel 1972, Riyoko Ikeda creò quello che è divenuto il manga e, successivamente l’anime, più famoso di tutti i tempi: “Versailles no Bara” (ベルサイユのばら, Le rose di Versailles, conosciuto in Italia come Lady Oscar). La talentuosa mangaka, il cui stile minuzioso ed elegante è arrivato a distinguersi fino ad essere considerata la Maestra degli Shōjo, dovette affrontare il proprio editore prima di vedere la sua idea pubblicata. L’Editore era infatti convinto che un manga biografico con protagonista Maria Antonietta potesse annoiare i lettori. Riyoko Ikeda si impegnò a dimostrare il contrario e nel maggio del 1972 la prima puntata di “Versailles no Bara” apparve sul numero 21 di Shukan Margaret edito da Shūeisha, con cadenza settimanale per un totale di 82 episodi conclusosi nel 1973.

Tra il 1972 ed il 1974 furono vendute 15 milioni di copie, eleggendo così Riyoko Ikeda come la regina dei manga storici.

photo credit: supereva.it

La storia delle rose di Versailles e del vento che le travolse

Negli ultimi anni dell’Ancien Régime la giovane Maria Antonietta d’Austria venne promessa in sposa al delfino di Francia Luigi Augusto, nipote di Luigi XV ma suo cugino il duca d’Orleans tramava per ucciderlo ed usurpare il trono. A capo della Guardia Reale c’era Oscar François de Jarjayes, una giovane donna nobile allevata dal padre, il Generale De Jarjayes, come se fosse un maschio in quanto egli desiderava un erede uomo. Al fianco di Oscar c’era un giovane attendente, André Grandier, nipote della governante della famiglia Jarjayes, a cui il Generale aveva affidato il compito di servire e proteggere la figlia. Ricoprendo il suo ruolo, Oscar sventò molti complotti che miravano ad uccidere i due principi, portandola quindi ad essere stimata e considerata un’amica da Maria Antonietta. La capricciosa futura regina, scortata da Oscar ad un ballo di Corte, incontrò il conte svedese Hans Axel von Fersen, del quale entrambe le donne si innamorano.

Alla morte del Re, Maria Antonietta e Luigi XVI divennero sovrani di Francia e, poiché le maldicenze su una presunta relazione tra Fersen e la Regina non tardarono a diffondersi, il conte abbandonò il paese per evitare lo scandalo e si arruolò a sostegno dei rivoluzionari d’America. Maria Antonietta, sempre più infelice e sola, si lasciò così influenzare dalla contessa di Polignac, una donna ambiziosa che diventò la sua favorita e spinse la regina a scialacquare denaro in frivolezze. Dopo alcuni anni il conte di Fersen fece ritorno in Francia e inevitabilmente si riavvicinò a Maria Antonietta che, non riuscendo a controllare i propri sentimenti, fu sul punto di fa scoppiare uno scandalo. Nuovamente il conte lasciò il paese e la regina, a seguito della nascita degli eredi al trono, decise di allontanarsi dalla vita di corte e ritirarsi con i suoi bambini nel Petit Trianon, suscitando l’astio dell’alta nobiltà. Nel frattempo scoppiò il celebre “Affare della Collana” che che gettò le prime ombre sulla reputazione pubblica della regina. Poco dopo, Fersen tornò dall’America e durante un ballo a Corte, Oscar si presentò in incognito vestita per la prima ed unica volta da donna ma, danzando con Fersen, capì che non avrebbe mai potuto sostituire la regina nel cuore del conte svedese e decise che probabilmente era meglio vivere per sempre come un uomo. A seguito del caso del Cavaliere Nero e l’ulteriore tentativo di gettare discredito sulla famiglia reale agli occhi della nobiltà, Oscar abbandonò il comando della Guardia Reale ottenendo dalla regina l’incarico di comandante del reggimento delle Guardie Francesi di Parigi Con lei rimase ancora Andrè che, nonostante fu rifiutato da Oscar dopo averle dichiarato il suo amore, volle restare comunque al suo fianco.

Il Generale Jarjayes si rese conto di aver fatto un errore a destinare la figlia alla carriera militare e iniziò a desiderare che ella si sposasse, così il secondo di Oscar nella Guardia Reale, Girondel, le fece la proposta di matrimonio, ma Oscar non accettò, preferendo i suoi nuovi soldati e i tentativi per guadagnarsi il loro rispetto. La rivoluzione francese era alle porte. Oscar, dopo aver fatto chiarezza nel suo cuore e aver capito di amare Andrè, si schierò con lui dalla parte del popolo e morirono insieme durante i tumulti della presa della Bastiglia il 14 luglio 1789. Gli anni della rivoluzione travolsero Maria Antonietta, fino alla sua esecuzione sulla ghigliottina il 16 ottobre 1793.

photo credit: romaspettacolo.net

Una sola serie non basta!

Dodici anni dopo la serie madre, Riyoko Ikeda decise di pubblicare una miniserie di 4 episodi intitolati Versailles no bara gaiden (ベルサイユのばら外伝, Le rose di Versailles – storie gotiche) i cui protagonisti sono Oscar, Andrè e la piccola Loulou de La Lorencie, nipotina di Oscar. Gli episodi narrati si collocano tra i volumi 7 e 8 del manga originario. Nel 1987 apparve anche Eikō no Napoleon-Eroika (栄光のナポレオン-エロイカ, Il glorioso Napoleone – Eroika), il seguito ufficiale, il cui titolo “Eroika” fa riferimento alla terza sinfonia di Ludwig van Beethoven, dedicata a Napoleone. In questi 12 volumi si narrano le vicende di Napoleone subito dopo la Rivoluzione Francese: il suo impero, la campagna italiana, la campagna d’Egitto, la battaglia del Nilo, il colpo di Stato del 18 brumaio e l’invasione francese della Russia. Nel corso della narrazione alcune dei personaggi già conosciuti riaffioreranno, ma solamente attraverso dei flashback.

Nel 2006, Riyoko Ikeda ha deciso di prendere nuovamente in mano la matita per realizzare “Berubara Kids”: una divertente rivisitazione in strisce colorate in cui i personaggi di Versailles no Bara riappaiono in versione “chibi” nelle scene chiave. La piccola parodia è stata pubblicata settimanalmente su “Be”, supplemento del quotidiano “Asahi Shimbun”.

photo credit: pinterest.it

Le Rose muoiono in bellezza

Il fascino di Versailles no Bara spinse molti musicisti a reinterpretare la celebre “Bara wa utsukushiku chiru“ sigla originale dell’Anime, ma Riyoko Ikeda riconobbe con licenza la versione dei LAREINE. Il primo CD uscì il 1° ottobre 1998 e in numero limitato di copie: solamente 500 con numero di serie di cui i primi 4 erano quelli di proprietà dei componenti del gruppo. Fortunatamente nel 1998 venne riedito e Bara wa utsukushiku chiru divenne ufficialmente il quarto singolo della band. Il 9 febbraio del 2000 uscì l’edizione CD di maggior pregio contenente esclusivamente due tracce audio nelle quali Riyoko Ikeda stessa partecipò in qualità di cantante soprano e ne curò la veste grafica, disegnando anche i costumi del gruppo per il video musicale.[:en]

photo credit: nefariousreviews.com

In 1972, Riyoko Ikeda created what became the manga and, later, the most famous anime of all time: “Versailles no Bara” (ベルサイユのばら, The Roses of Versailles, known in Italy as Lady Oscar). The talented mangaka, whose meticulous and elegant style has come to stand out and be considered the Shōjo Teacher, had to face her own publisher before seeing her published idea. The publisher was in fact convinced that a biographical manga starring Marie Antoinette could bore readers. Riyoko Ikeda undertook to prove otherwise and in May 1972 the first instalment of “Versailles no Bara” appeared on Shukan Margaret issue number 21, published by Shūeisha, on a weekly basis for a total of 82 episodes ended in 1973.

Between 1972 and 1974, 15 million copies were sold, thus electing Riyoko Ikeda as the queen of the historical manga.

photo credit: supereva.it

The history of the roses of Versailles and the wind that swept over them

In the last years of the Ancien Régime, the young Marie Antoinette of Austria was promised to marry the French dolphin, Luigi Augusto, nephew of Louis XV but his cousin, the Duke of Orleans plotted to kill him and usurp the throne. At the head of the Royal Guard was Oscar François de Jarjayes, a young noblewoman raised by her father, General De Jarjayes, as if she were a boy because he wanted a male heir. Alongside Oscar was a young attendant, André Grandier, nephew of the housekeeper of the Jarjayes family, to whom the General had entrusted the task of serving and protecting her. Covering her role, Oscar foiled many plots that aimed to kill the two princes, thus leading to being esteemed and considered a friend by Marie Antoinette. The capricious future queen, escorted by Oscar at a ball court, met the Swedish count Hans Axel von Fersen, of whom both women fall in love.

At the death of the King, Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI became sovereigns of France and, since the slander on a presumed relationship between Fersen and the Queen did not take long to spread, the count abandoned the country to avoid scandal and enlisted in support of the revolutionaries of America. Marie Antoinette, more and more unhappy and lonely, allowed herself to be influenced by the Countess of Polignac, an ambitious woman who became her favourite and urged the queen to squander money in frivolity. After a few years, the Count of Fersen returned to France and inevitably went back to Marie Antoinette, who, unable to control her feelings, was on the verge of a scandal. Once again the count left the country and the queen, following the birth of the heirs to the throne, decided to move away from the life of the court and retire with her children in the Petit Trianon, arousing the hatred of the high nobility. In the meantime, the famous “Deal of the Necklace” broke out, which threw the first shadows on the public reputation of the queen. Shortly after, Fersen returned from America and during a court ball, Oscar showed up in disguise dressed for the first and only time as a woman but, dancing with Fersen, realized that she could never replace the queen in the heart of the Swedish count and she decided it was probably better to live forever like a man. Following the case of the Black Knight and the further attempt to discredit the royal family in the eyes of the nobility, Oscar abandoned the command of the Royal Guard obtaining from the queen the post of commander of the French Guards regiment of Paris. André, despite being rejected by Oscar after declaring her love, he remained by her side anyway.

General Jarjayes realized that he had made a mistake in allocating his daughter to a military career and began to wish that she would marry, so the second of Oscar in the Royal Guard, Girondel, made her a marriage proposal, but Oscar did not accept, preferring her new soldiers and attempts to earn their respect. The French revolution was at the door: Oscar, who understood to love Andrè, sided with him on the side of the people and together died during the riots of the storming of the Bastille July 14, 1789. The years of the revolution lasted until Marie Antoinette’s execution on the guillotine on October 16, 1793.

photo credit: romaspettacolo.net

One series is not enough!

Twelve years after the mother series, Riyoko Ikeda decided to publish a 4-episode miniseries entitled Versailles no bara gaiden (The Roses of Versailles – Gothic Stories) whose protagonists are Oscar, Andrè and the little Loulou de La Lorencie, Oscar’s niece. The episodes narrated are placed between volumes 7 and 8 of the original manga. In 1987 Eikō no Napoleon-Eroika (栄光のナポレオン-エロイカ, The glorious Napoleon – Heroic) also appeared as the official sequel, whose title “Eroika” refers to the third symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven, dedicated to Napoleon. These 12 volumes narrate the events of Napoleon immediately after the French Revolution: his empire, the Italian campaign, the campaign of Egypt, the battle of the Nile, the coup d’etat of the 18th Brumaire and the French invasion of Russia. in the course of the narration, some of the already known characters will reappear, but only through flashbacks.

In 2006, Riyoko Ikeda decided to take the pencil again to create “Berubara Kids”: an amusing reinterpretation in coloured stripes in which the characters of Versailles no Bara reappear in “chibi” version in key scenes. The small parody was published weekly on “Be”, a supplement of the newspaper “Asahi Shimbun”.

photo credit: pinterest.it

Roses die in beauty

The fascination of Versailles no Bara pushed many musicians to reinterpret the famous “Bara wa utsukushiku chiru” original song of the anime, but Riyoko Ikeda recognized the LAREINE version with license. The first CD came out on October 1, 1998 and in limited number of copies: only 500 with serial number of which the first 4 were owned by the members of the group. Fortunately, in 1998 it was re-edited and Bara wa utsukushiku chiru officially became the fourth single of the band. On February 9th 2000 the most valuable CD edition was released, containing only two audio tracks in which Riyoko Ikeda herself participated as a soprano singer and took care of the graphic design, also designing the costumes of the band for the music video.[:ja]

photo credit: nefariousreviews.com

In 1972, Riyoko Ikeda created what became the manga and, later, the most famous anime of all time: “Versailles no Bara” (ベルサイユのばら, The Roses of Versailles, known in Italy as Lady Oscar). The talented mangaka, whose meticulous and elegant style has come to stand out and be considered the Shōjo Teacher, had to face her own publisher before seeing her published idea. The publisher was in fact convinced that a biographical manga starring Marie Antoinette could bore readers. Riyoko Ikeda undertook to prove otherwise and in May 1972 the first instalment of “Versailles no Bara” appeared on Shukan Margaret issue number 21, published by Shūeisha, on a weekly basis for a total of 82 episodes ended in 1973.

Between 1972 and 1974, 15 million copies were sold, thus electing Riyoko Ikeda as the queen of the historical manga.

photo credit: supereva.it

The history of the roses of Versailles and the wind that swept over them

In the last years of the Ancien Régime, the young Marie Antoinette of Austria was promised to marry the French dolphin, Luigi Augusto, nephew of Louis XV but his cousin, the Duke of Orleans plotted to kill him and usurp the throne. At the head of the Royal Guard was Oscar François de Jarjayes, a young noblewoman raised by her father, General De Jarjayes, as if she were a boy because he wanted a male heir. Alongside Oscar was a young attendant, André Grandier, nephew of the housekeeper of the Jarjayes family, to whom the General had entrusted the task of serving and protecting her. Covering her role, Oscar foiled many plots that aimed to kill the two princes, thus leading to being esteemed and considered a friend by Marie Antoinette. The capricious future queen, escorted by Oscar at a ball court, met the Swedish count Hans Axel von Fersen, of whom both women fall in love.

At the death of the King, Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI became sovereigns of France and, since the slander on a presumed relationship between Fersen and the Queen did not take long to spread, the count abandoned the country to avoid scandal and enlisted in support of the revolutionaries of America. Marie Antoinette, more and more unhappy and lonely, allowed herself to be influenced by the Countess of Polignac, an ambitious woman who became her favourite and urged the queen to squander money in frivolity. After a few years, the Count of Fersen returned to France and inevitably went back to Marie Antoinette, who, unable to control her feelings, was on the verge of a scandal. Once again the count left the country and the queen, following the birth of the heirs to the throne, decided to move away from the life of the court and retire with her children in the Petit Trianon, arousing the hatred of the high nobility. In the meantime, the famous “Deal of the Necklace” broke out, which threw the first shadows on the public reputation of the queen. Shortly after, Fersen returned from America and during a court ball, Oscar showed up in disguise dressed for the first and only time as a woman but, dancing with Fersen, realized that she could never replace the queen in the heart of the Swedish count and she decided it was probably better to live forever like a man. Following the case of the Black Knight and the further attempt to discredit the royal family in the eyes of the nobility, Oscar abandoned the command of the Royal Guard obtaining from the queen the post of commander of the French Guards regiment of Paris. André, despite being rejected by Oscar after declaring her love, he remained by her side anyway.

General Jarjayes realized that he had made a mistake in allocating his daughter to a military career and began to wish that she would marry, so the second of Oscar in the Royal Guard, Girondel, made her a marriage proposal, but Oscar did not accept, preferring her new soldiers and attempts to earn their respect. The French revolution was at the door: Oscar, who understood to love Andrè, sided with him on the side of the people and together died during the riots of the storming of the Bastille July 14, 1789. The years of the revolution lasted until Marie Antoinette’s execution on the guillotine on October 16, 1793.

photo credit: romaspettacolo.net

One series is not enough!

Twelve years after the mother series, Riyoko Ikeda decided to publish a 4-episode miniseries entitled Versailles no bara gaiden (The Roses of Versailles – Gothic Stories) whose protagonists are Oscar, Andrè and the little Loulou de La Lorencie, Oscar’s niece. The episodes narrated are placed between volumes 7 and 8 of the original manga. In 1987 Eikō no Napoleon-Eroika (栄光のナポレオン-エロイカ, The glorious Napoleon – Heroic) also appeared as the official sequel, whose title “Eroika” refers to the third symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven, dedicated to Napoleon. These 12 volumes narrate the events of Napoleon immediately after the French Revolution: his empire, the Italian campaign, the campaign of Egypt, the battle of the Nile, the coup d’etat of the 18th Brumaire and the French invasion of Russia. in the course of the narration, some of the already known characters will reappear, but only through flashbacks.

In 2006, Riyoko Ikeda decided to take the pencil again to create “Berubara Kids”: an amusing reinterpretation in coloured stripes in which the characters of Versailles no Bara reappear in “chibi” version in key scenes. The small parody was published weekly on “Be”, a supplement of the newspaper “Asahi Shimbun”.

photo credit: pinterest.it

Roses die in beauty

The fascination of Versailles no Bara pushed many musicians to reinterpret the famous “Bara wa utsukushiku chiru” original song of the anime, but Riyoko Ikeda recognized the LAREINE version with license. The first CD came out on October 1, 1998 and in limited number of copies: only 500 with serial number of which the first 4 were owned by the members of the group. Fortunately, in 1998 it was re-edited and Bara wa utsukushiku chiru officially became the fourth single of the band. On February 9th 2000 the most valuable CD edition was released, containing only two audio tracks in which Riyoko Ikeda herself participated as a soprano singer and took care of the graphic design, also designing the costumes of the band for the music video.[:]