[:it]Japan History: Italia e Giappone, 150 anni di amicizia[:en]Japan History: Italy & Japan 150 Years of Friendship[:ja]Japan History: Italy & Japan 150 Years of Friendship[:]

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Italia e Giappone, 150 anni di amicizia

Photo Credits: Ambasciata del Giappone

Nel 2016 si sono celebrati i 150 anni di amicizia tra Italia e Giappone, un legame che affonda le sue radici nel 1866.
Era il 4 luglio quando nel porto di Yokohama approdò una nave militare italiana inviata da Re Vittorio Emanuele II per siglare un trattato di amicizia e commercio, dando così il via ad un rapporto bilaterale. Entrambi i Paesi in quel periodo stavano affrontando lo stesso problema: quello di dover accorciare il più rapidamente possibile la distanza economica che li separava dalle grandi potenze dell’epoca e quindi diventare loro stessi potenze rispettate e temute.

Photo Credits: L’inviato Speciale

Un’ alleanza nel bene e nel male

Dopo lo scoppio della Prima Guerra Mondiale e la sua fine, Italia e Giappone subirono la stessa sorte: erano entrambe vincitrici di questo conflitto, ma in un qualche modo si sentivano “tradite” dal Trattato di Versailles. L’Italia soffrì di una vittoria “mutilata” non avendo potuto ottenere i territori che si aspettava; mentre il Giappone ottenne sconfitte al livello diplomatico con il rifiuto delle potenze occidentali di accettare la sua proposta di una clausola di uguaglianza razziale. Inoltre i due paesi erano accomunati dalla grave situazione economica del dopo conflitto che li avrebbe guidati verso il regime totalitario della seconda guerra mondiale (il fascismo). Infatti nel 1937 anche l’Italia si schierò contro la politica comunista russa così come già il Giappone aveva fatto insieme alla Germania di Hitler, firmando il Patto anti-Komintern. L’anno successivo il partito nazionale fascista sbarcò in Giappone, e le opere di Mussolini vennero tutte tradotte in giapponese. In poco tempo venne firmato il Patto Tripartito Germania-Giappone-Italia siglando l’alleanza Roma-Berlino-Tokyo.
Mussolini si occupò di tenere viva questa amicizia, partecipando a numerose visite in territorio nipponico.
Tutti coloro che si rifiutavano di aderire al partito fascista in Giappone venivano internati nei campi adibiti a Nagoya.
A colpire duramente il Giappone furono poi le bombe atomiche sganciate su Nagasaki ed Hiroshima e sia l’Italia che il Giappone dovettero risollevarsi dal disastro che la guerra aveva causato. Alla fine della Seconda Guerra Mondiale i Paesi attraversarono una radicale trasformazione.

Photo Credits: Il turista curioso.it

Un ponte per sempre

I ponti che si erano stabiliti tra i due paesi si moltiplicarono. Il primo collegamento televisivo intercontinentale attraverso le due emittenti NHK e RAI nel 1970 portarono a nuovi accordi culturali permettendo l’intreccio sempre più stretto di prodotti e stili di vita, dal cibo alle arti marziali e gli scambi linguistici sempre più intensi.

L’influenza reciproca tra le due nazioni si tradusse in opere architettoniche.
L’architetto Kenzo Tange, il quale conferì a Tokyo il suo attuale aspetto, progettò numerose opere in Italia (le torri del quartiere fieristico di Bologna ed il centro direzionale di Napoli), mentre Renzo Piano progettò l’aeroporto di Osaka e il ponte di Ushibuka.

Ancora oggi, Giappone e Italia continuano a camminare fianco a fianco grazie al profondo legame che, nel tempo, si è sempre più rafforzato.

Metropolitan Governement Building Shinjuku Park Tower
Photo Credits: Japan italy Bridge

Ushibuka bridge, Photo Credits: Wikipedia.org

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Italy & Japan 150 Years of Friendship

Photo Credits: Ambasciata del Giappone

150 years of friendship between Italy and Japan was celebrated in 2016.
This relationship between these two countries dates back to 1866, on the 4th of July, when an Italian military ship sent by King Vittorio Emanuele II arrived in Yokohama port to offering a treaty of friendship and commerce.
Back then, both countries had a common goal. They were eager to close the economic distance that separating them from the other more influential and powerful countries in those days.

Photo Credits: L’inviato Speciale

An alliance for better or for worse

After the end of First World War, Italy and Japan experienced same outcome. They both won the conflict, however both felt “betrayed” following the Versailles Treaty. Italy suffered from the indignation of not getting all the territories that it expected while Japan suffered from diplomatic defeats in the rejection of Japan’s bid for a racial equality. Moreover, the two countries were experiencing critical post-conflict economic situations that would have led towards a totalitarian regime of the Second World War.
In 1937, Italy went against the Russian’s communist politics, like how Japan did when they signed the Anti-Komintern Pact with Hitler’s Germany. In the following year, the fascist national party landed in Japan, and Mussolini’s works were translated into Japanese. The Germany-Japan-Italy Tripartite Agreement was signed, creating the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo alliance. In that period Mussolini made several visits to Japan.
All those who refused to join the fascist party in Japan were interned in the camps at Nagoya.
The atomic bombs dropped to Nagasaki and Hiroshima hit Japan hard and both Italy and Japan had to recover from the tragedies caused by the war. At the end of the Second World War, both countries underwent radical transformations.

Photo Credits: Il turista curioso.it

An eternal bridge

The bridges built between the two countries continued to multiply over the years. In 1970, the first intercontinental television link between NHK and RAI broadcasters led to new cultural exchanges, allowing the products and lifestyles, from food to martial arts and increasingly intense linguistic exchanges, to grow ever closer.

In recent times, the mutual influence between the two nations also translated into architectural works.
Architect Kenzo Tange, who gave Tokyo its present-day landscape, designed numerous buildings in Italy, like the towers of the Bologna exhibition center and the business center of Naples, while Renzo Piano designed the Osaka airport and Ushibuka Bridge.

These days, Japan and Italy continue to enjoy cordial and friendly exchanges, growing and strengthening their relationship with each other as they always have through the past 150 years.

Metropolitan Governement Building Shinjuku Park Tower
Photo Credits: Japan italy Bridge

Ushibuka bridge, Photo Credits: Wikipedia.org

[:ja]

Italy & Japan 150 Years of Friendship

Photo Credits: Ambasciata del Giappone

150 years of friendship between Italy and Japan was celebrated in 2016.
This relationship between these two countries dates back to 1866, on the 4th of July, when an Italian military ship sent by King Vittorio Emanuele II arrived in Yokohama port to offering a treaty of friendship and commerce.
Back then, both countries had a common goal. They were eager to close the economic distance that separating them from the other more influential and powerful countries in those days.

Photo Credits: L’inviato Speciale

An alliance for better or for worse

After the end of First World War, Italy and Japan experienced same outcome. They both won the conflict, however both felt “betrayed” following the Versailles Treaty. Italy suffered from the indignation of not getting all the territories that it expected while Japan suffered from diplomatic defeats in the rejection of Japan’s bid for a racial equality. Moreover, the two countries were experiencing critical post-conflict economic situations that would have led towards a totalitarian regime of the Second World War.
In 1937, Italy went against the Russian’s communist politics, like how Japan did when they signed the Anti-Komintern Pact with Hitler’s Germany. In the following year, the fascist national party landed in Japan, and Mussolini’s works were translated into Japanese. The Germany-Japan-Italy Tripartite Agreement was signed, creating the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo alliance. In that period Mussolini made several visits to Japan.
All those who refused to join the fascist party in Japan were interned in the camps at Nagoya.
The atomic bombs dropped to Nagasaki and Hiroshima hit Japan hard and both Italy and Japan had to recover from the tragedies caused by the war. At the end of the Second World War, both countries underwent radical transformations.

Photo Credits: Il turista curioso.it

An eternal bridge

The bridges built between the two countries continued to multiply over the years. In 1970, the first intercontinental television link between NHK and RAI broadcasters led to new cultural exchanges, allowing the products and lifestyles, from food to martial arts and increasingly intense linguistic exchanges, to grow ever closer.

In recent times, the mutual influence between the two nations also translated into architectural works.
Architect Kenzo Tange, who gave Tokyo its present-day landscape, designed numerous buildings in Italy, like the towers of the Bologna exhibition center and the business center of Naples, while Renzo Piano designed the Osaka airport and Ushibuka Bridge.

These days, Japan and Italy continue to enjoy cordial and friendly exchanges, growing and strengthening their relationship with each other as they always have through the past 150 years.

Metropolitan Governement Building Shinjuku Park Tower
Photo Credits: Japan italy Bridge

Ushibuka bridge, Photo Credits: Wikipedia.org

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